Students, administration at odds over jail



By Katie Davern & Sally Kruzig

Staff Writer, News Editor






The Charity Week jail will be restricted by new policies this year. Due to the traditionally rowdy nature of the jail, the administration is implementing regulations intended to ensure the safety of everyone involved. While the jailers have been known to capture people by physically carrying or dragging them, the new policies now prevent them from manhandling people to bring them to the jail. However, some people fear that the new policies focus upon student safety over students’ idea of fun.

Members of the administration opted to change the policy because they felt that the previous method of jailing people could be mistaken for student assault. The changing of the sexual assault policy was a key factor, according to Dore Madere, director of student life.

“We’ve done a lot to change our sexual assault policy, due to new federal regulations and the jailer policy change is in line with everything else that we’re doing with the university as far as sexual assault and assault,” Madere said. “We’re trying to make sure we don’t create double standards in our policies.”

Several students and professors said they doubt the jail can be as enjoyable as before with new strict limits imposed on jailors.  -Photo by Elizabeth Kerin
Several students and professors said they doubt the jail can be as enjoyable as before with new strict limits imposed on jailors.
-Photo by Elizabeth Kerin

Madere also cited an incident with a Braniff graduate student last year that particularly prompted her to opt for a change in policy.

“I’ve actually had a graduate student complain because she was pretty much attacked by some male jailers and she was pretty shaken up. If you didn’t do your undergraduate here and you don’t really know what Charity Week is all about, it could be scary if you’ve got a petite female being grabbed by two guys and she’s saying “let go,” no one’s letting go of her, and she’s being taken to where she doesn’t want to go and she doesn’t know why,” Madere explained.

After the student filed a formal complaint to the university, Madere felt that the jail should reflect and follow the school’s policies on assault.

Many students disagreed with Madere’s use of the term “assault.” In contrast, most students, when asked, used the term “fun” to describe the old jailing methods.

“It basically defeats the point of the jail,” said senior Charles Shaughnessy. “It’s basically taking all the fun out of it.”

Resident coordinator Catherine Duplant felt that the policy is essentially about respecting people’s wishes.

“The real push is not to restrain the fun and regulate everything that’s going on with the jail,” Duplant said. “It’s that if someone says no you have to listen to that.”

Yet students fear that the new policies are about much more than stopping when someone says no. The jailers met on Sunday afternoon to receive training and sign a contract entailing exactly what they can and cannot do.

According to the policy, they are not allowed to “forc[e] any persons into the Jail by means of force, including but not limited to: pushing, pulling, dragging, restraining [or] chasing and tackling any person(s),” and they can only arrest them by “gently guiding” them to the jail.

Others believe that, without any sort of muscle behind the jail, there is no point to having one.

“It seems to me that that is the abolition of the jail, because I believe that the definition of the jail is to be constrained without one’s consent,” Dr. Susan Hanssen, a professor well-known for her annual Charity Week escapes, said. “So to abolish constraint is to abolish jail, so the jail’s just been abolished.”

Though students have expressed concern that the policy undermines the tradition and spirit of Charity Week, Dr. John Plotts, vice president of enrollment and student affairs, thinks that change is a positive development.

“I think it might encourage more participation in the program if you know you’re not going to be brutally handle[d],” Plotts said. “You still get to jail people; you still have to pay to get out, still raising money for great causes. We’re trying to do it in a safer way.”

Student participation has not seemed to reflect this sentiment. The Charity Week organizers had an unusually difficult time finding people willing to be jailers this year. There also appeared to be significantly fewer students being put in jail on Monday, the first day of Charity Week.

Duplant addressed criticism of the policy and decreased participation in the jail this year. She disagrees with those who are unhappy about the new hands-off policies.

“To me, that’s uncharitable and doesn’t follow through with what the spirit of Charity Week is,” Duplant commented. “The purpose of it is to raise money to support causes that are in line with our Catholic mission.”

Senior Chris Goldkamp, who is organizing the jail this year, declined to comment on the changes in the policy.

Some students, on the other hand, feel that they should not be criticized for not wanting to participate in policy changes in which they had little to no say.

“The students are traditionally responsible for running Charity Week, and when you take away the responsibility, people are less likely to participate,” senior Samantha Bond said. “That makes it difficult for seniors to get excited and get involved when they weren’t really allowed to be a part of the whole process of the jail and the new decisions about it. So I think calling out the seniors for their lack of participation is a little bit of a harsh judgment.”

Understanding the safety and legal concerns surrounding the policy, Dr. Eileen Gregory agrees with the new rule of no longer chasing people to tackle them, but thinks that some allowance should be made for liveliness.

“I understand the concern for litigation. I also think that the jail has always been a kind of wild and crazy thing,” Gregory stated. “So if you want to kill the jail, you know, kill the jail, say we’re not doing it anymore. You’ve got to allow for some wild and craziness. It seems really contradictory to ask permission to jail someone.”

Another new aspect of the Charity Week jail is the jail itself. The jail must now be professionally built. In the past, students were allowed to design and construct the jail themselves. The administration fears it is hazardous to have the jail built by people who are not licensed for that line of work, according to junior Jacob Loel, one of Charity Week’s two student co-chairs.

The jail continues to be the cattle car bought for last year’s “Wild West” themed Charity Week. Loel sees this as an improvement.

“You don’t have to be scared of getting tetanus if there’s a giant nail coming out it, you know?” Loel explained.

Gregory disagrees. She sees the use of the cattle car as having deeper and more problematic implications.

“The thing that concerns me most … is the cattle car,” Gregory said. “First of all, a cattle car is punitive. It’s not like being thrown into a homemade jail, it really is more like a real jail and not a pretend jail. It’s also just metaphorically an awful thing, and, culturally, there’s all kinds of references to human transport in cattle cars that we want to avoid.”

Gregory may be referring to the use of cattle cars to transport victims to concentration and death camps during the Holocaust. During that time, cattle cars were not only efficient but also helped to dehumanize people by placing them in a vehicle traditionally used for animals.

In the end, despite the administration’s desire to protect students, many students and faculty members felt a more open discussion was needed in order to preserve the fun of this tradition.

“I’m just afraid that the jail is at the center of Charity Week,” said Gregory. “You kill the jail, you’ve killed a lot.”

Roughhousing, like that pictured above, is no longer allowed during Charity Week. To be jailed, one has to be “gently guided” towards the jail, and cannot be dragged, pushed, pulled, chased or tackled. -Photo by Rebecca Rosen
Roughhousing, like that pictured above, is no longer allowed during Charity Week. To be jailed, one has to be “gently guided” towards the jail, and cannot be dragged, pushed, pulled, chased or tackled.
-Photo by Rebecca Rosen


  1. “To me, that’s uncharitable and doesn’t follow through with what the spirit of Charity Week is,” Duplant commented. “The purpose of it is to raise money to support causes that are in line with our Catholic mission.”

    Apparently the other purpose of Charity week is to provide pharisaic administrators with a chance to look down their noses at people not worthy to touch their charitable garments.I’m sure Miss Duplant will feel entirely justified in her self-righteousness when UD has less money to offer the charities this year. And at the end of the day, it’s all about being in the right, isn’t it?

    • t is puzzling to me that you are personally attacking Ms. Duplant as if she had any final-decision making power regarding this issue. As an alumnus, she understands the integral importance of the jail to the success of Charity Week like the rest of us and made many efforts to preserve this tradition. Surely you can see that as an RC she is hardly able to dictate Student Life’s policies and must abide by the decisions of her employer. Direct your criticism about the decision towards the administration as an entity not its individual members, especially those at the bottom of the food chain.

      • As an RC, Miss Duplant clearly is not responsible for the decisions regulating Charity Week. As a presumably intelligent and considerate adult human being, Miss Duplant IS responsible for whatever opinion may escape the confines of her own head. To suggest, as she does, that people who refuse to spend their money on this poor excuse of a jail are uncharitable and opposed to the university’s Catholic identity is ridiculous and presumptuous.

        I might add that if there are others such as MEL above who find themselves in agreement with Miss Duplant, then I have one question for them: Why have a Charity Week at all? If I along with the others on this page are mistaken in assuming that a lighthearted, carnivalesque spirit is just as fundamental to Charity Week as the acts of charity themselves, then why don’t we just get rid of all this unjustifiable waste and add the event costs to the final total? That way we can have a really big number next to our name and be assured of our own collective righteousness.

  2. Bravo to Katie Davern for the exceptional level of journalistic integrity in this well-written article.

    It is a shame the university administration has decided to so over-correct in this case. A verbal hands-off allowance would be a good regulation and making jailers agree not to surprise their query with overwhelming force (e.g. no surprise tackling) is a good idea, but the university really should allow the majority of students who want to “play the game” to do so!

    • Hear, hear! I second John’s suggestions. This is an extreme overreaction to a situation that could be solved with a couple of simple rules like John suggests. I would imagine Charity Week will significantly diminish in popularity as a result of the administration’s new regulations. Dr. Gregory is right: “I’m just afraid that the jail is at the center of Charity Week,” said Gregory. “You kill the jail, you’ve killed a lot.” I cherish my memories of Charity Week (Father Maguire’s hairsbreadth escapes were always a highlight), and I’m saddened to think of the loss of this UD tradition.

      • Excellent Article Katie!

        Personally, I am mourning the loss of what was such the most spirit filled, uniting, traditional, memorable, and enjoyable part of Charity week.

        I understand that there were many pieces that had to be considered by those who made these rule changes, but they did so hastily, rashly, without considering any input by the students, and obviously aiming to abolish the jailing activity altogether.

        The jail has been neutered and I haven’t talked to a student yet who is not severely disappointed and feeling betrayed by Student Life.

        The lack of money raised this year will be an embarrassment to the school.

    • Alternatively, the Jail system could be opt-in, like Kaos. The wet blankets (who are the ones the university is worried about anyway) would simply not participate; jailers could be provided with a list to check whenever someone put money down. Additionally, to deal with the harassment problems, male jailers are only allowed to jail men, female jailers women.

      As it stands an old, important tradition is dead, and charity week as a whole has become generic.

  3. This is just silly! You kill the jail, you kill the charity week. And the idea that the cattle car is punitive or not politically correct is silly, too. I was in jail many a time last year, and I did not feel like I was being carted off to the holocaust or anything. There is no need to be so serious about a simple, whole-hearted tradition. It’s not like we are hazing anybody. Next thing we know, they’ll banish KAOS for being too much like assault… with waterguns.

  4. Why couldn’t the school simply create an opt-out list that needs to be consulted before taking someone’s jailing money?

    And a cattle trailer? That is just stupid. The stories of Fr. McGuire’s escapes with contraband tools are legend.

  5. The fact that some people are comparing the cattle car with a method of Holocaust transportation is just absurd. I think that’s an example of creating problems where they don’t exist, something that I think the administration has been guilty of all too often lately. There comes a point when people need to step back and remember the true importance of charity week, not the political correctness behind it.

  6. I can understand the concern around the student’s building the jail themselves, although I feel that the new rules instigated are ridiculous. A big part of the excitement around charity week is seeing what design the students will come up with. Instead of requiring licensed contractors build everything, can’t the students still design and build the jail, but with supervision from a qualified craftsman??

  7. The whole point of charity week is FUN AND Charity. If you take away the fun, you lose the entire point…And the $funding$ that is donated in large part through friends jailing each other into oblivion. Some of the most epic Charity Weeks were Fr. Maguire`s daring escapes from purposely poor designed jails that occasionally allowed the cunning to escape. Perhaps we need these new cattle cars at Groundhog if people are so worried about tetanus shots in the jail. Those hayrack rides are going to require safety waivers…pretty soon they’ll have State Troopers and IPD instead of campus safety handling school events like Groundhog to “ensure” safety rather than promote any fun student run events! Oh wait…

  8. If anyone thinks students are going to pay money to have jailers go nicely ask their friends if they would like to go to jail they are nuts. The jail is supposed to rowdy and include an element of struggle. Changes could’ve been made without neutering Charity Week. Working two years in admissions, the stories of chasing students, tackling professors, and wondering what creative escape plan Fr McGuire would come up with next were always popular with prospective students as they have always been with students. It’s no coincidence that they had trouble recruiting jailers this year. The process of the woosification of UD that seems to have been embraced over the last couple years is damaging the identity of the school. This is a comparatively minor thing (though it will effect money raised for charity) but don’t surprised if dollar beers at TGIT or kegs at Groundhog are next to go.

  9. I’d just like to say thank you for the compliments on the article, but really the journalistic credit should go to my editor, Sally Krutzig–she’s the one who helped me with the article and really pulled it together. Props to you, Sally!

  10. I would simply like to comment that the issue at hand is much more complex than displayed in this article. As someone who has spent countless hours helping plan CW2014, I am well aware of the disappointment regarding the jailing situation. If it was as simple as requiring an opt-out or opt-in option, consent form, or even wristbands to denote who has willingingly consented to be taken to jail, the coordinators and administration would have done so. However, that is not the case. Neither of the coordinators, Dore, nor Catherine wanted the jail rules to change, but due to unfortuntate circumstances, it was not an option. I, too, am disappointed with the change in jailing policy, but having a negative attitude and refusing to participate is ultimately harming the spirit of Charity Week. I ask you all to reconsider your attitudes and response to this article, and continue to support the efforts of Charity Week 2014.

    • We realize that many things had to be considered and that the way that the jail was conducted had to be modified. But Student Life did so hastily, without considering any student input, and with the aim of ridding the school of the jail for the sake of ease and political correctness.

      The most memorable, traditional, spirit filled, and uniting aspect of charity week has been abolished and it is going to resound in the amount of funds raised.

    • I understand that you’re in a very difficult position, but the administration has failed to adequately communicate why the change was necessary and why other, more moderate measures were not considered options. With the rules as they are, we could eliminate jailers altogether and just post a sign listing who should report to jail, considering we cannot “coerce” them. I hope in future years the administration is able to resolve this problem suitably for the sake of the underclassmen. I, for one, am disappointed that the memory of my senior Charity Week will forever be tarnished by this “controversy.”

    • “The situation is complex, but I’m not going to tell you how or why. The obvious solution to the problem won’t work, but again, I will not tell you why. I will vaguely allude to unfortunate circumstances, and then, without having said anything definite in this entire comment, will ask everyone to please change their minds.”

  11. The jail seems to be going well this year. I’ve already been jailed twice, and the jail seems to be always well populated. I don’t think these new policies are hurting us too much, especially since everyone will still jail their professors, and at the same time it is a lot safer this way.

  12. 1. I think if you are looking to be offended you can twist all of the most beloved Charity Week events into something of offensive: the jail, auctioning off men, shooting people during KAOS, paying to get out of the classes we pay so much to attend, rowdy tuck-ins, etc. It is too bad that the vast minority is controlling the direction of Charity week. I think this is one of the most beloved traditions at UD BECAUSE of the crazy shenanigans and the spirit in which they are done.

    2. It is uncharitable of the administration to assume that just because the students no longer want to put money into the jail then they are no longer donating just as much to charity. These are poor college kids who probably have a certain amount of money they can afford to contribute. They usually set aside a few dollars to get out of their Th/F classes and then carefully select where they want to spend the rest of their donations. They pick things that are the most fun to them. If the jail is no longer fun then maybe they will throw a few more dollars in to vote for their friends in airband or bid a little higher at the male auction. The money they give (no matter the amount) is a generous *gift*and should not be criticized by someone working at the school.

    3.Not only did most students think it was fun to watch their friends being chased down the mall, but most students liked the thrill of not know if their name was on the jailer’s list and had to be ready at any moment to ditch their backpacks and sprint away. If caught it was fun to plot an escape with your fellow jail mates ….or if you were upset you could just pay a dollar and get out.

  13. The jail was the most unifying and memorable event of charity week, and its really not any fun any more. No one enjoys going into a cattle car voluntarily and being a jailer this year feels much more like walking in circles selling raffle tickets that no one is interested in.

    I’m not going to participate in it this year, the money I put aside for it I will donate to a charity directly, but I am not supporting the mutilation of a beloved activity for the sake of political correctness.

    • I agree. As a freshman, I was looking forward to the craziness I had heard all about from all f my campus visits to UD. It’s disappointing that it had to change, but I will still be donating to the charities through other means.

  14. I’m a freshman, and I was told so much about how exciting the jail is and now its really disheartening that there is such little spirit in it. At least I get to experience all the other charity week events this year before they too are taken away because a single person overreacts.

  15. Whoever the uptight, unfun graduate student is that filed the complaint should be shamed, shunned, and banished in a kind, gentle way along with all the uptight, unfun administrators
    that just approved the death of Charity Week.

    While you’re at it, ban all sports and all fun. Kids might get hurt. Except you aren’t dealing
    with kids. The student body are all legally adults. Stop infantilizing them, nanny staters.

    Thank God that Drs. Hanssen and Gregory haven’t lost all sense of fun. Listen to the voices of reason among you, bureaucrats.

  16. Likening the jail to the Holocaust??? Are you kidding me??? On behalf of the junior class, who has done a fantastic job so far by the way, as well as on behalf of every one of the millions of men, women, and children who were taken from their families, brutally beaten, worked to exhaustion, and finally incinerated in one of the greatest atrocities known to man by the Germans during WWII, I’d like to politely ask that the everyone please come to their senses. The jail used this year is NOT to ruin a tradition, but to come into agreement with the university policy. Let us recall that the only reason they are using the horse trailer is that it was used last Charity Week, and the Juniors likely wanted to save money. Perhaps they could have done it better, but that is no reason to boycott Charity Week all together as some are suggesting, nor is it reason to criticize anyone’s hard work. I also would request that the editor, Dr. Gregory, and Kate all make public apologies in next weeks paper for belittling a horrible event for the sake of making an article more convincing.

    • First of all, nobody was likening the jail to the Holocaust. Gregory said that the there are references to people being put into cattle cars that we want to avoid. The reporter was simply doing her job by clarifying to the reader what Gregory was referring to.Go google “cattle car.” The first page of links that pop up is full of Holocaust references. As someone who grew up in Europe, I know that in many places, cattle cars are a symbol inextricably linked with the Holocaust. That is literally the only thing people think of when they hear the word. But way to belittle an article by finding one quote you disagree with.

      • Fair point. However, you fail to see mine, which is that as a writer, by even mentioning the Holocaust with any relationship to the jail, you immediately put an extremely negative connotation around the whole issue at hand, thus using a travesty to give the article a dramatic twist. I also find it ironic that any seniors are so upset about the jail, as the jail used this year is the same as last year’s jail. In addition, there was never any call from the senior class to do any work on finding a way around the issue, nor did anyone even volunteer to help with or make suggestions regarding the jail until the horse trailer was set in place.

  17. I say let it be rowdy. The only time I ever saw people chased and carried was when they were “resisting arrest”.

    If commuters and grad students somehow missed the concept of the jail, then maybe the president or students in control of Charity Week need to send out an email explaining the concept, how to get out, and how to not get tackled. Then the whole campus would be informed. No confusion, no trauma.

    But I’ve got another idea: You could pay $15-20 for a T-shirt that opts-out of the jail. While you wear it you cannot be jailed, but you cannot pay to put people in jail either.

    If the entire campus buys the shirt, then you have a student vote on whether or not the jail should be killed.

    This way, the jail could still be

      • Why not buy 5 then? More money to the charities! The point is, why weren’t the countless other options considered? Why did the administration feel that the students did not deserve the chance to aid in solving the issue? I’ve heard so many great ideas from students just in the last few days!!

  18. At first upon hearing this, I felt the way a lot of students do, that UD just killed one of the funnest parts about Charity Week for some stupid laws. But when the got to the point that if we’re taking our sexual assault policy more seriously, we have to take the whole concept of consent more seriously, which I absolutely agree with.
    Instead of asking for permission in the moment, why don’t we send out an online form at the beginning of the year asking for permission to be jailed during charity week. If you are on that list, then you can be forcibly jailed during charity week, and if not, then only by permission. That way, people who enjoy seeing if they can escape can still have fun, but people who are not comfortable with the whole idea, such as the grad student you mentioned in this article, don’t have to participate.

  19. I do agree that our sexual assault policy has been lacking and needs some muscle behind it. I do not, however, think that charity week is the best place to show off that you flex it. Yes, as an institution it is incredibly important to be vigilant, careful, and respectful of the rights and comfort of those people who function within the institution itself – I agree that UD should be transparent in its policies, but this is the incorrect way to enforce them.

    The problem with this solution is that it in no way creates an environment of safety and understanding of the problems of Sexual Assault, nor does it encourage the student body to report, stand up against, or put an end to it. Instead, it is causing unnecessary animosity towards the issue and a confusing of messages as now the University’s Sexual Assault policy will be confused with the University taking away the students’ capacity to enjoy themselves and continue in traditions which we (myself included) love and look forward to.

    It is important to note that this tradition may or may not make some individuals uncomfortable, but so might several other things that the University does as an institution. The solution? you make it possible for the people who do not wish to participate or know that they will be made uncomfortable to opt out. Many have suggested a waiver that people who do not wish to participate can sign, therefore ridding them of the unpleasant surprise. In the situation quoted by Dore, the problem was misinformation. I would be extremely put off if that had happened to me, but saying that she was taken to somewhere she didn’t know and was just being dragged off is over dramatizing the situation – she was uninformed and didn’t feel like finding out that way.

    I suggest that not only should there be an email sent out two weeks prior to charity week with a list of the events and details about them and what it means to participate in them, but I also suggest that the waivers and necessary sign up sheets be included in this same email. This way not only are the students able to prepare ahead of time and there is less of a last minute scramble to get enough people, but people can get EXCITED, and more importantly, people will be INFORMED.

  20. The idea that the jail has absolutely anything to do with sexual assault or the new sexual assault policy is bogus and far fetched.

  21. During my senior year, we kept a list of students who were banned because they had become too violent. Of course we did, because we loved the jail and we didn’t want anyone to get hurt.

    Jailers should respect a verbal “Hands off!” I don’t think there’s any question of that. But trying to escape Charity Week jailers was something I looked forward to all year round. I got tackled by jailers. I fought them. And, having lost the fight, I went to jail willingly. If going to jail had been purely voluntary, I’d never have participated.

    This news is no surprise given previous years’ developments, but it is still sad. It’s one of the best UD traditions, and Dr. Hanssen is right to say it’s just been abolished.

    It seems that every year I’ve heard some little story about why the administration is uncomfortable with it. There was the professor who body-slammed a jailer, the hands scraped on nails, etc. But I’ve never heard of anyone getting seriously hurt.

    I got hurt worse playing KAOS, when five people jumped me to help their friend, my target. I was bloody, couldn’t walk without pain for days, and had holes ripped in my shorts and t-shirt (it sounds worse than it was). Does anyone know of something like that happening at the jail?

    Finally…sexual assault? What?

  22. Well, as an alumnus I have to admit that it’s a little sad to see the old traditions go, but I can hardly say that I am surprised. I watched enough people come out of their encounter with the jailers with a few cuts, scrapes, and bruises. For the most part, it was all in good fun and everyone had a good time (including myself), but you had to see this coming.

    I think I agree with Dr. Hanssen though. If you need to get rid of the jail, then just get rid of the jail. Time to come up with a new tradition. If you walk up to someone and saying, “hi, excuse me, would you please come to jail? No? Okay, have a nice day,” you’ve effectively killed the tradition anyway. Maybe it’s time had come.

    It’s possible an opt-in policy would have worked, but I doubt it. Then the school is essentially legally acknowledging a problem and allowing it to go on anyway. If someone decides that the jailers went too far, the school is going to be liable.

    The students should stop complaining about the Student Life Office, though. This isn’t and never was going to be a democratic decision where students got to have input. This is about the school covering their butt legally, and it doesn’t matter if students think that they are being killjoys or not.

  23. The majority of jailers during my UD tenure were maladjusted young men with delusions of grandeur. I myself experienced a similar situation to the Braniff student quoted. This change has been needed for a long time.

    • Does no mean no? Or does yes mean no? Because, forgive me if I’ve misinterpreted the public sentiment, but it seems to me like most people are saying yes…

      I think the idea here is that the problem should be solved with an opt-out strategy in which case no would mean no. The “solution” smacked across the face of the student body essentially says “everything means no”

      • The problem is not that “most people are saying yes,” but rather that “No’s” have not been respected. If jailors are unable to accept that some of their fellow students do not wish to be manhandled the entire situation is in need of an update.

  24. Idea: Have the Very Few People With Issues sign wavers to opt out of Charity
    Week activities that include physical contact so everyone else (Read: The Majority)
    can have fun.

    Because the student body includes a handful of killjoys doesn’t mean everyone else
    should suffer under their Puritanical definition of what constitutes fun. (Read: These people
    will always be unhappy and are incapable of experiencing fun and never joy).

  25. I think this is super fun! Let’s replace the whole jail thingy all together. I submit that we have a charity fun dance in the campus ministry office instead. Everyone is going there for free coffee anyway – am I right? Folks could just pop in and dance it up, donate, and have a good time. It’s a win-win-win. Go royals!

  26. Thus, After having thus successively taken each member of the community in its powerful grasp and fashioned him at will, the supreme power then extends its arm over the whole community. It covers the surface of society with a network of small complicated rules, minute and uniform, through which the most original minds and the most energetic characters cannot penetrate, to rise above the crowd. The will of man is not shattered, but softened, bent, and guided; men are seldom forced by it to act, but they are constantly restrained from acting. Such a power does not destroy, but it prevents existence; it does not tyrannize, but it compresses, enervates, extinguishes, and stupefies a people, till each nation is reduced to nothing better than a flock of timid and industrious animals, of which the government is the shepherd.

    Every man allows himself to be put in leading-strings, because he sees that it is not a person or a class of persons, but the people at large who hold the end of his chain.


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